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CBN Lifts Ban on Crypto with Conditions

For two years, the Nigerian crypto community navigated a landscape shrouded in uncertainty, the Central Bank of Nigeria’s (CBN) blanket ban on cryptocurrency transactions casting a long shadow. But on December 22, 2023, a ray of sunshine broke through – the CBN issued a circular cautiously lifting the ban and opening the door for a new era of regulated crypto engagement in the country.

This is not a full-throated embrace of all things crypto, however. The CBN’s move reflects a global shift towards regulating rather than outright prohibiting digital assets, acknowledging their growing influence while emphasizing the need for risk management. With the revised guidelines, a cautious green light has been given to the Nigerian crypto space, but it comes with strings attached.


A Look Back: Why the Ban and What Changed

In 2021, the CBN’s concerns over money laundering and financial instability led to a sweeping ban on banks facilitating crypto transactions. This sent shockwaves through the Nigerian crypto scene, hampering growth and innovation. However, the winds of change were already blowing globally. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) began advocating for a risk-based approach to crypto regulation, recognizing its potential while outlining measures to mitigate risks.

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Closer to home, Nigerian laws evolved as well. The Money Laundering (Prevention and Prohibition) Act, 2022, brought VASPs (Virtual Asset Service Providers) within the definition of financial institutions, paving the way for their regulation. This, coupled with the Securities and Exchange Commission’s issuance of rules for digital assets and VASPs, created a legal framework amenable to controlled crypto engagement.

New Guidelines: Cautious Openness with Conditions

The CBN’s circular, while signaling a shift, outlines a path with clear boundaries. Banks can now open accounts and provide banking services to VASPs, facilitating their operations and potentially boosting the industry. However, a crucial caveat remains: banks themselves are still prohibited from holding, trading, or transacting in cryptocurrencies on their own account.

This cautious approach reflects the CBN’s desire to balance innovation with risk management. While acknowledging the potential benefits of crypto, it prioritizes financial stability and safeguards against potential misuse.

Impact and Implications: A Balancing Act for All

The revised guidelines hold significant implications for various stakeholders:

  • Crypto businesses: Access to banking services could breathe new life into the industry, fostering growth and attracting investment. However, compliance costs and navigating regulatory uncertainty pose challenges.
  • Nigerian banks: A new market beckons, but with it comes the responsibility of managing risks and ensuring robust KYC/AML procedures for VASP clients.
  • Consumers: More options to engage with crypto emerge, but heightened financial literacy and awareness of associated risks are paramount.

The Road Ahead: Building a Crypto Ecosystem with Trust and Responsibility

Nigeria’s cautious embrace of crypto marks a new chapter. The success of this chapter will hinge on several factors:

  • Effective implementation of regulations: Clear guidelines and robust enforcement mechanisms are crucial to ensure orderly growth and mitigate risks.
  • Industry collaboration: Open communication and cooperation between regulators, VASPs, and banks can foster a healthy and transparent crypto ecosystem.
  • Consumer education: Equipping individuals with the knowledge and skills to navigate the crypto space safely and responsibly is essential.

The journey ahead won’t be without its bumps. But with a measured approach, responsible regulation, and a commitment to education, Nigeria can build a crypto ecosystem that fosters innovation while safeguarding its financial system and protecting its citizens.

This is not a call to blindly jump into the crypto bandwagon. It’s a call for informed engagement, cautious optimism, and a collective effort to build a future where digital assets contribute positively to Nigeria’s economic landscape.


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TAGiAfrica™ is a Web3 Magazine that is documenting the African journey in the crypto and blockchain industry for over a decade. We are the Pan-African magazine that covers business, technology, Blockchain, Crypto and Innovation.We are the essential resource for anyone who wants to stay up-to-date on the latest trends in Africa. The magazine is also a valuable resource for businesses that are looking to expand into Africa and committed to promoting African entrepreneurship and innovation.

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