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Ophi Rume Advises Nigerians on Crypto Ban and way out

Nigeria has emerged as a powerhouse in the global peer-to-peer (P2P) crypto trading scene, defying initial resistance from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). This surge in P2P trading, characterized by direct transactions between individuals, can be attributed to several factors, including limited access to traditional financial services, the desire to hedge against inflation, and the pursuit of portfolio diversification.

According to data from, Nigeria’s monthly P2P crypto trading volume surged to $33.1 million in 2021, up from $25.8 million in 2020, marking a substantial 28 percent increase year-on-year. This significant growth underscores the increasing popularity and adoption of P2P crypto trading in Nigeria despite regulatory challenges.


However, this rapid growth is not without its challenges. The decentralized nature of P2P trading presents unique regulatory hurdles. The lack of oversight exposes users to potential scams, fraud, and unfair practices. Furthermore, the inherent volatility of cryptocurrencies poses financial risks, particularly for inexperienced users. Additionally, the CBN’s uncertain stance on cryptocurrencies creates an environment of ambiguity for investors and businesses alike.

To ensure the sustainable growth of P2P crypto trading in Nigeria, a multi-pronged approach is necessary. Establishing clear and comprehensive regulations that strike a balance between fostering innovation and protecting consumers is paramount. Addressing the root causes of limited access to traditional financial services can reduce dependence on crypto as an alternative. Additionally, educational initiatives can equip users with the knowledge and skills to navigate the crypto landscape responsibly. Finally, open dialogue and collaboration between the government, financial institutions, and crypto businesses are essential for creating a sustainable and responsible ecosystem.

Crypto Financial analyst Rume Ophi in a recent interview with Channel Tv;  proposed several actionable solutions to address these concerns. Firstly, curbing excessive speculation on the Naira-dollar exchange rate can help stabilize the financial system. Secondly, enhancing access to foreign exchange through regulated channels can reduce the appeal of cryptocurrencies as a means to acquire foreign currency. Finally, implementing regulations on crypto platforms can help prevent price manipulation and illegal activities, fostering a fair and transparent trading environment.


In conclusion, P2P crypto trading presents a double-edged sword for Nigeria. While it offers opportunities for financial inclusion and economic growth, it also carries inherent risks due to its decentralized nature and regulatory ambiguity. By addressing these challenges through clear regulations, improved financial inclusion, financial literacy initiatives, and collaborative efforts, Nigeria can harness the potential of P2P crypto while mitigating its risks, paving the way for a thriving and responsible crypto ecosystem.

Expanding further on Nigeria’s P2P crypto landscape reveals a complex interplay of factors driving its growth and the challenges it faces. Beyond the statistics, understanding the socioeconomic context and the motivations of individuals engaging in P2P crypto trading provides valuable insights.

Nigeria’s P2P crypto trading boom is partly fueled by the limited access to traditional financial services, especially in rural and underserved areas. Despite being Africa’s largest economy, a significant portion of Nigeria’s population remains unbanked or underbanked, lacking access to basic banking services such as savings accounts, loans, and credit cards. This financial exclusion exacerbates economic inequality and drives individuals towards alternative means of financial transactions, including P2P crypto trading.


Moreover, Nigeria’s high inflation rate and volatile currency, the Naira, have prompted many Nigerians to seek refuge in cryptocurrencies as a hedge against depreciation. With an annual inflation rate averaging around 15%, preserving the value of savings and investments becomes a paramount concern for individuals and businesses alike. Cryptocurrencies, with their decentralized nature and finite supply, offer a potential solution to safeguarding wealth in the face of economic uncertainty.

Furthermore, the youth demographic, comprising a significant portion of Nigeria’s population, plays a pivotal role in driving the adoption of P2P crypto trading. With a growing tech-savvy population and increasing internet penetration rates, young Nigerians are more inclined to explore alternative investment opportunities and embrace digital currencies as part of their financial portfolio. This demographic shift towards digital-native behaviors and preferences contributes to the expanding P2P crypto trading ecosystem in Nigeria.

Despite the promising growth prospects, Nigeria’s P2P crypto landscape is not without its challenges. Regulatory ambiguity and the lack of clear guidelines surrounding cryptocurrency trading create uncertainty for investors and businesses, hindering the development of a robust and regulated crypto market. The CBN’s directive barring financial institutions from facilitating crypto transactions further complicates the regulatory landscape, forcing individuals to resort to P2P trading platforms for crypto transactions.


Moreover, the decentralized nature of P2P trading platforms presents security and consumer protection challenges. Without the oversight and security measures provided by traditional financial institutions, users are vulnerable to scams, fraud, and hacking attacks. Ensuring the security and integrity of P2P crypto transactions requires robust cybersecurity measures and regulatory oversight to protect users’ interests and maintain market integrity.

Addressing these challenges requires a collaborative effort from government authorities, financial institutions, and crypto businesses to establish clear regulatory frameworks, enhance consumer protection measures, and promote financial literacy and education initiatives. By fostering a conducive regulatory environment and empowering users with the knowledge and skills to navigate the crypto landscape responsibly, Nigeria can harness the full potential of P2P crypto trading to drive financial inclusion, economic growth, and innovation in the digital economy.

In conclusion, Nigeria’s booming P2P crypto landscape presents both opportunities and challenges on its path to becoming a leading player in the global crypto market. With the right regulatory framework, infrastructure, and education initiatives in place, Nigeria can leverage the transformative power of cryptocurrencies to build a more inclusive, resilient, and prosperous economy for all its citizens.

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TAGiAfrica™ is a Web3 Magazine that is documenting the African journey in the crypto and blockchain industry for over a decade. We are the Pan-African magazine that covers business, technology, Blockchain, Crypto and Innovation.We are the essential resource for anyone who wants to stay up-to-date on the latest trends in Africa. The magazine is also a valuable resource for businesses that are looking to expand into Africa and committed to promoting African entrepreneurship and innovation.

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